Wrinkles, it’s a word that men and women fear. If you want to know What causes wrinkles? you’ve come to the right place. In addition to explaining what causes wrinkles, we’re going to look into whose at higher risk of them, how you can prevent them, and the ways we can treat them.
To understand wrinkles, you need to understand a little basic biology. From the day you’re born, you begin making facial expressions. From frowning and sulking through to laughing and crying, each expression affects the muscles that support your skin. Eventually, they will weaken, which is one contributing factor for wrinkles.
At the same time, your body produces two proteins throughout your life: collagen and elastin. Collagen is the body’s most abundant protein, and it is responsible for keeping most of your tissues firm. However, as soon as you reach your twenties, you begin producing less of it. By the time you reach your thirties, the signs of wrinkles might start to appear as a result.
Elastin, as the name suggests, allows your skin to remain springy and shoot back into shape when you make facial movements. Again, you produce less of this protein as you get older, which means wrinkles are more likely to come with age.
However, there are lifestyle choices you might make that can expedite these processes. As such, we’re going to give you some advice that could help you maximise your current collagen and elastin levels.
Why do we get wrinkles and what are the causes?
If you’re sitting there wondering “Why do we get wrinkles?”, It might help to understand some of the more common causes. In addition to a loss of muscle power, and a reduction in your collagen and elastin, lifestyle factors and genetics play a role.
Exposure to too much UV light
One of the more natural causes of wrinkles is exposure to UV light. Whether it’s spending too much time in the sun because of your job or topping up your tan with a sunbed before your next holiday, UV light is the most common cause of early ageing.
UV light permeates through the upper layer of your skin, the epidermis, into the lower layers, which is called the dermis. Once there, it breaks down your collagen and elastin fibres, which in turn provides less support to the skin above. As a result, you’re more likely to encounter wrinkles.
Repeating certain facial expressions
Have you noticed that your forehead is wrinkled? Forehead skin often features, wrinkles due to frowning and raising your eyebrows. Similarly, you might start to see wrinkles around your eyes because you’re smiling and laughing a lot. Or, they will settle around your mouth from smiling, pouting, or forming a sulky expression.
Smoking and wrinkles
Smoking is terrible for many areas of your body, and your skin is one of them. With each cigarette you smoke, you speed up the ageing process. Medics believe this is because the nicotine in your cigarettes causes your blood vessels to narrow. When the blood vessels are serving your face narrow, you start to encounter skin wrinkles.
Who is at higher risk of the causes of wrinkles?
Whether it’s due to the way they live their lives or hereditary factors they can’t control, certain people are more at risk of wrinkles than others.
Your genes play a role
Unfortunately, if your parents developed wrinkled faces at an early age, you’re more likely to. Of course, this depends on whose genes you’ve inherited. Dermatologists believe this is more likely if your mother aged early.
Eating a bad diet will increase your risk
When you eat food that’s low in antioxidants, you’re not providing your body with the weapons it needs to combat pollutants. Whether you live in an urban or rural area, you come into contact with pollutants on a daily basis. Not incorporating enough fruit and veg into your diet leaves the free radical pollution forms to create wrinkles. Similarly, not adding enough lean protein to your diet makes it difficult for your body to produce collagen and elastin.
Having a poor skin care routine
Whether you want to know how to get rid of under eye wrinkles or how to get rid of wrinkles around the mouth, you may find that having a poor skin care routine accelerates the process. Examples of a poor skin care routine can include not removing your makeup at night, using the wrong products, or taking an inconsistent approach.
Leading a stressful life, with little sleep
Today, many people lead busy lives that cause them to feel stressed. At the same time, either their stress will cause them to struggle to sleep, or they actively sleep less to fit in more work. Sleep is the time when your skin has an opportunity to rejuvenate. If you’re not getting enough, your cells don’t have a chance to heal from the day’s activities, causing wrinkles to settle in. Similarly, exposure to too much stress releases a hormone called cortisol, which speeds up cell death.
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How can you prevent wrinkles?
Unfortunately, you can’t stop the ageing process, and factors such as your genes are uncontrollable too. However, you can take some of the lifestyle factors that have been mentioned above and change them to prevent wrinkles.
Take a sensible approach to UV raysSeeing as UV ray exposure is a leading cause of wrinkles, you need to limit your exposure to them. Spending half-a-hour a day in the sun is enough to get your daily dose of Vitamin D. If you spend longer outdoors, try using sunscreen and sunglasses that protect the skin around the eyes. Finally, switch using a tanning bed for fake tan.
Try facial exercisesWhile the jury is still out on whether facial exercises will help reduce skin wrinkles, some cosmetic experts swear by them. You may want to mimic the actions of a professional on YouTube.
Eat a better dietAdding more lean protein to your diet helps your body produce collagen. As for fruit and vegetables, some dietitians like to use the expression “eat a rainbow.” In simple terms, this means eating a variety of colours, so you introduce a broad range of skin-protecting antioxidants to your diet.
Try to reduce your stress levelsAlthough many people see stress as unavoidable, there are ways you can reduce your stress levels. First, try recognising what the stressful situation is and see if there are ways to change it or remove yourself from it. You might also want to try breathing exercises, daily meditation as a prophylactic measure, and exercising to burn off excess cortisol.
What treatments are available for wrinkles?
Botox type injections
Whether you want to use Botox to prevent wrinkles, Botox for forehead wrinkles, or another area of your face, you’ll find that this is one of the first-line therapies against wrinkle formation.
How does Botox work on wrinkles?Botox contains a substance that stops nerves from sending messages to the muscles that cause wrinkles. As a result, it will relax them, either making the wrinkles look less noticeable, or forcing them to disappear altogether. To see the full benefits of Botox for wrinkles, you’ll need to have one treatment every three to four months.
Does Botox cause more wrinkles?Botox will only cause more wrinkles if you use it too early, or if you use it in specific areas. For example, with the wrong technique, it will exacerbate lines around the mouth. Or, if you use it early in your twenties, you will reduce your muscle tone, causing wrinkles to form earlier. Otherwise, it is ideal for use across most areas of your face, and from your late twenties onwards.
Wrinkle Filler, aka Dermal Fillers
Using a wrinkle filler takes a different approach to Botox. As the name suggests, dermal fillers ‘fill’ areas of your skin that have encountered a loss of elasticity or are sagging. It’s for this reason that wrinkle fillers are particularly useful for wrinkles that appear around the mouth.
How to get rid of wrinkles around the mouth using dermal fillersUnlike Botox, dermal fillers will help you get rid of wrinkles around the mouth by plumping areas that surround them. For example, when your aesthetic specialist adds more volume to your cheeks, the wrinkles around your mouth will appear less prominent. As such, you won’t encounter ‘jowls’ or ‘Marionette lines.’
How to get rid of wrinkles with dermal fillers?If your aesthetic specialist decides that your wrinkles could benefit from a boost in volume, they will use dermal fillers instead of Botox. In some cases, they may combine the two therapies. At Rutland Aesthetics, Dr Dhesi is an advanced aesthetic specialist who can expertly combine the two treatments to help you achieve a more youthful look.
Like dermal fillers, redermilisation will plumpen the areas where you’re encountering wrinkles. It achieves this through the use of hyaluronic acid, which attracts more water to the cells where wrinkles appear. As a result, your skin looks smoother, and lines seem less pronounced.
At the same time, the Redermilisation injection uses succinic acid, which encourages fresh cells to grow. By working together, hyaluronic acid and succinic acid promote collagen development, plumping your skin, and reverse some of the signs of ageing.
How Can Rutland Aesthetics Help
At Rutland Aesthetics, our team is lead by Dr Dhesi. With a strong medical background and additional specialist training in aesthetics, he approaches each patient as an individual. By doing this, he can create a ‘bespoke’ anti-ageing plan that will tackle your unique needs.